What is the role of plasma analysis in the evaluation of transfusion reactions?

Updated: Jan 02, 2019
  • Author: S Gerald Sandler, MD, FACP, FCAP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Plasma in a sample of centrifuged anticoagulated venous blood is clear and pink-red if significant intravascular hemolysis (eg, hemoglobinemia) has occurred within the previous few hours. If serum from a nonanticoagulated sample (eg, clotted blood) is examined, a risk exists of traumatic hemolysis in the laboratory when the clot is separated, resulting in a false-positive interpretation. The red discoloration (eg, hemoglobinemia) may be present immediately after transfusion of only several milliliters of incompatible red cells and may persist for hours until the hemoglobin is metabolized to bilirubin. At that time, depending on the volume of incompatible RBCs that were transfused, the plasma may be deep red-brown or yellow.


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