What causes a false-positive enzyme immunoassay (EIA) result in HIV testing?

Updated: Sep 19, 2018
  • Author: David J Cennimo, MD, FAAP, FACP, AAHIVS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Several conditions can cause false-positive EIA results, as follows:

  • Technical error

  • Pregnancy [25]

  • Recipient of HIV-1 vaccines [26]

  • Recent immunizations (eg, rabies [27] , influenza [28] )

  • Other infections such as hepatitis B [29] and schistosomiasis [30]

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