What causes coronary heart disease in HIV infection?

Updated: Apr 09, 2019
  • Author: Jason F Okulicz, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

The incidence is increased up to 2- to 3-fold in HIV-infected individuals. A number of studies suggest that inflammation and immune activation due to uncontrolled HIV infection likely contributes to atherosclerosis. Clinicians should ask patients about coronary heart disease (CHD), CHD risk equivalents, and CHD risk factors and address these appropriately.


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