Which pulmonary infections are associated with HIV infection?

Updated: Apr 09, 2019
  • Author: Jason F Okulicz, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Infections occurring at any CD4 count include TB and influenza, among others. Infections occurring at CD4 500 cells/µL or less include recurrent bacterial pneumonia, pulmonary Mycobacterium pneumonia (nontuberculous). Those occurring at CD4 200 cells/µL or less include PJP, Cryptococcus neoformans pneumonia or pneumonitis, and disseminated or extrapulmonary TB. At CD4 100 cells/µL or less, pulmonary Kaposi sarcoma and toxoplasma pneumonitis can occur. At CD4 50 cells/µL or less, disseminated histoplasmosis, disseminated coccidioidomycosis, CMV pneumonitis, disseminated MAC, disseminated Mycobacterium (nontuberculous), Aspergillus pneumonia, and Candida pneumonia can occur.


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