Which pulmonary infections are associated with HIV infection?

Updated: Apr 09, 2019
  • Author: Jason F Okulicz, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print


Infections occurring at any CD4 count include TB and influenza, among others. Infections occurring at CD4 500 cells/µL or less include recurrent bacterial pneumonia, pulmonary Mycobacterium pneumonia (nontuberculous). Those occurring at CD4 200 cells/µL or less include PJP, Cryptococcus neoformans pneumonia or pneumonitis, and disseminated or extrapulmonary TB. At CD4 100 cells/µL or less, pulmonary Kaposi sarcoma and toxoplasma pneumonitis can occur. At CD4 50 cells/µL or less, disseminated histoplasmosis, disseminated coccidioidomycosis, CMV pneumonitis, disseminated MAC, disseminated Mycobacterium (nontuberculous), Aspergillus pneumonia, and Candida pneumonia can occur.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!