Which medications in the drug class Vaccines are used in the treatment of Sickle Cell Anemia?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Vaccines

It is recommended to maintain an up-to-date immunization schedule for pneumococcal, haemophilus influenzae and meningococcal vaccine

Pneumococcal vaccine 13-valent (Prevnar 13)

The pneumococcal 13-valent vaccine contains capsular antigens extracted from Streptococcus pneumoniae and are used to stimulate active immunity to pneumococcal infection.

Pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent (Pneumovax 23)

Pneumococcal polysaccharide polyvalent is an inactive bacterial vaccine that induces active immunization to the 23 pneumococcal serotypes contained in the vaccine.

Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine (ActHIB, Hiberix, PedvaxHIB)

The vaccine consists of Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide (polyribosyl-ribitol-phosphate, PRP). IgG acts as an anti-capsular PRP antibody, demonstrating bactericidal activity against H influenzae type b.

Meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine (Menactra, Menveo)

The vaccine induces bactericidal antibody production specific to the capsular polysaccharides (eg, serogroups A, C, Y and W-135). The presence of anti-capsular meningococcal antibodies are associated with protecting against invasive meningococcal diseases.


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