Are pneumococcal vaccines (PCVs) effective in preventing invasive infection in children with sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Protein-conjugated pneumococcal vaccines (PCVs) that effectively protect children against invasive infections are now extensively used. The 7-serotype PCV (PCV7) in combination with penicillin prophylaxis and PPV23 booster vaccination offers the best hope for improved prevention against S pneumoniae infection. The vaccine is given at age 2 years, with a booster dose at age 5 years.

In one study, more than two thirds of S pneumoniae isolates stereotyped were PCV7 serotypes and included most penicillin-nonsusceptible strains. Most nonvaccine-serotype isolates were penicillin-sensitive.


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