When is blood transfusion indicated for treatment of chronic anemia in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Blood transfusion is indicated only in specific situations. These include acute chest syndrome, stroke, abnormal findings on transcranial Doppler in children (for stroke prevention), pregnancy, and general anesthesia. The aim is to decrease the concentration of HbS to 30% or less. Transfusion may also be required during aplastic crisis.


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