Should hemoglobin concentrations be reduced in patients undergoing retinal surgery for sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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In patients undergoing retinal surgery, the HbS concentration or combined concentration of HbS and HbC needs to be reduced to less than 30% (increase the hemoglobin A concentration to 70%).

Individualize all other situations based on the complexity of the procedure and underlying medical condition.

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