What are the possible adverse effects of hydroxyurea in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Hydroxyurea is a potentially leukemogenic and carcinogenic agent. Children studied by a cooperative group remained on hydroxyurea for more than a year with only minor adverse effects, but potential complications from long-term use are not yet known.


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