What are the possible sequelae of chronic bone infarction in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Sequelae of chronic infarction include structural and functional orthopedic abnormalities. Examples include an immobile or nonfunctional shoulder joint, abnormal hip growth and deformity, secondary osteoarthritis, shortened fingers and toes, and kyphoscoliosis.

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