Which skeletal findings are typical in children with sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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The characteristic appearance in children with sickle cell disease includes frontal and parietal bossing and prominent maxilla due to marrow hyperplasia expanding the bone. The extremities may appear proportionately longer than normal because there is often flattening of the vertebrae. Bone marrow expansion often causes maxillary hypertrophy with overbite; orthodontics consultations are recommended to prevent or correct this problem.

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