What are the physical findings in sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Physical findings are not specific. Scleral icterus is present, and, upon ophthalmoscopic examination of the conjunctiva with the +40 lens, abnormal or corkscrew-shaped blood vessels may be seen. The mucous membranes are pale. A systolic murmur may be heard over the entire precordium.

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