What are the potential central nervous system (CNS) manifestations of sickle cell disease (SCD) in children?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Children with sickle cell disease may have various anatomic and physiologic abnormalities that involve the CNS even if they appear to be neurologically healthy. These silent brain infarcts occur in 17% of patients and may be associated with deterioration in cognitive function, with effects on learning and behavior; these infarcts may increase the potential risk for clinical and subclinical damage to the CNS.


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