How does acute chest syndrome in sickle cell disease (SCD) begin?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Acute chest syndrome probably begins with infarction of ribs, leading to chest splinting and atelectasis. Because the appearance of radiographic changes may be delayed, the diagnosis may not be recognized immediately.

In children, acute chest syndrome is usually due to infection. Other etiologies include pulmonary infarction and fat embolism resulting from bone marrow infarction. Recognition of the specific cause is less critical than the ability to assess the management and pace of the lung injury.

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