Which factors have contributed to an increase in life expectancy in sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

This significant increase in life expectancy and survival of patients with SCD has been achieved thanks to early detection and introduction of disease-modifying therapies. Neonatal screening, penicillin prophylaxis for children, pneumococcal immunization, red cell transfusion for selected patients and chelation therapy, hydroxyurea therapy, parental and patient education and, above all, treatment in comprehensive centers have all likely contributed to this effect on longevity.


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