What is the survival rate for children with sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

In the Dallas newborn cohort, estimated survival at 18 years was 94%. In a recent neonatal United Kingdom cohort followed in a hospital and community-based program including modern therapy with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) screening, the estimated survival of HbSS children at 16 years was 99%. Data from the 1995 cooperative study of SCD (CSSCD) suggested that the median survival for individuals with SCD was 48 years for women and 42 years for men. [26] This life expectancy was considerably lower than that for African Americans who do not have SCD.

In Africa, available mortality data are sporadic and incomplete. Many children are not diagnosed, especially in rural areas, and death is often attributed to malaria or other comorbid conditions.


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