What is the role of very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) in the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Joseph E Maakaron, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Sickle cells express very late antigen–4 (VLA-4) on the surface. VLA-4 interacts with the endothelial cell adhesive molecule, vascular cell adhesive molecule–1 (VCAM-1). VCAM-1 is upregulated by hypoxia and inhibited by nitric oxide.

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