Which medications in the drug class Antimetabolites are used in the treatment of Polycythemia Vera?

Updated: Aug 20, 2019
  • Author: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP; Chief Editor: Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP, FACP  more...
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Answer

Antimetabolites

HU is a nonalkylating agent that inhibits DNA synthesis and cell replication by blocking the enzyme ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase.

Hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea)

Inhibitor of deoxynucleotide synthesis and DOC for inducing hematologic remission in CML. Less leukemogenic than alkylating agents such as busulfan, melphalan, or chlorambucil. Myelosuppressive effects last a few days to a week and are easier to control than those of alkylating agents; busulfan has prolonged marrow suppression and can cause pulmonary fibrosis. Can be administered at higher doses in patients with extremely high WBC counts (>300,000/µL) and adjusted accordingly as counts fall and platelet counts drop. Dose can be administered as a single daily dose or divided into 2-3 doses at higher dose ranges. Droxia, available in smaller tabs of 200, 300, and 400 mg, is for patients with sickle cell disease.


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