What causes cobalamin deficiency in children with pernicious anemia?

Updated: Feb 18, 2019
  • Author: Srikanth Nagalla, MD, MS, FACP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Children who develop cobalamin deficiency usually have a hereditary disorder, and the etiology of their cobalamin deficiency is different from the etiology observed in classic pernicious anemia. Congenital pernicious anemia is a hereditary disorder in which an absence of IF occurs without gastric atrophy. Other gastric conditions that cause cobalamin deficiency are gastrectomy, gastric stapling, and bypass procedures for obesity and extensive infiltrative disease of the gastric mucosa. Usually, these conditions are associated with a decreased ability to mobilize cobalamin from food rather than a malabsorption of cobalamin; thus, a patient may exhibit a normal finding on a Schilling test (stage I).


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