What are the less common etiologies of sigmoid volvulus?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Scott C Thornton, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, DSc, MSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Less common conditions resulting in sigmoid volvulus include postoperative adhesions, internal herniations, intussusceptions, omphalomesenteric abnormalities, intestinal malrotations, and carcinoma. A rare condition in patients with abnormally long mesenteries of the stomach, splenic flexure, and sigmoid colon has been described as traveling volvulus. The abnormal mesenteric fixation of intraperitoneal organs predisposes these patients to recurrent spontaneous torsion and detorsion.


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