Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressant Agents are used in the treatment of Multiple Myeloma?

Updated: Jul 15, 2019
  • Author: Dhaval Shah, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Immunosuppressant Agents

Immunosuppressant agents inhibit key factors in the immune system that are responsible for immune reactions.

Thalidomide (Thalomid)

Thalidomide, when used in combination with dexamethasone, is indicated for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Thalidomide is an immunomodulatory agent that may suppress excessive production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and may down-regulate selected cell-surface adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte migration. Because of concerns regarding teratogenicity, thalidomide can only be prescribed by registered physicians and is dispensed by registered pharmacists. Patients must participate in ongoing surveys to receive therapy, and only a 28-d supply can be prescribed at a time.

Lenalidomide (Revlimid)

Lenalidomide is indicated in combination with dexamethasone for multiple myeloma. It is structurally similar to thalidomide. Lenalidomide elicits immunomodulatory and antiangiogenic properties. It inhibits proinflammatory cytokine secretion and increases anti-inflammatory cytokines from peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

Pomalidomide (Pomalyst)

Thalidomide analogue indicated in combination with dexamethasone for patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least 2 prior therapies including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. Also used in combination with elotuzumab and dexamethasone.


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