What are potential complications in multiple myeloma (MM)?

Updated: Jul 15, 2019
  • Author: Dhaval Shah, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Bacterial infection may develop; it is the leading cause of death in patients with myeloma. The highest risk is in the first 2-3 months of chemotherapy.

Purpura, retinal hemorrhage, papilledema, coronary ischemia, seizures, and confusion may occur as a result of hyperviscosity syndrome.

Hypercalcemia may cause polyuria and polydipsia, muscle cramps, constipation, and a change in the patient’s mental status.


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