What are poor prognostic factors for multiple myeloma (MM)?

Updated: Sep 30, 2019
  • Author: Dhaval Shah, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Poor prognostic factors include the following:

  • Tumor mass
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Bence Jones proteinemia
  • Renal impairment (ie, stage B disease or creatinine level >2 mg/dL at diagnosis)

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