What is the role of dietary and activity modification in the treatment of methemoglobinemia?

Updated: Dec 09, 2018
  • Author: Mary Denshaw-Burke, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Rarely, the patient’s diet may include a substance that is the source of the methemoglobinemia. Well water contamination with inorganic nitrates can be a particular problem with infants whose formula is prepared with this water. Methemoglobinemia due to the ingestion of homemade fennel puree has been reported in infants. Some vegetables (eg, beets, spinach, carrots, borage, and chard) are high in nitrite or nitrate content and may have to be avoided by susceptible patients. [63]

Curcumin, the main curcuminoid in turmeric, has been shown experimentally to reduce methemoglobinemia in rats treated with dapsone. [64]

No change in activity is indicated.


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