What are the most important aspects of the management of methemoglobinemia?

Updated: Dec 09, 2018
  • Author: Mary Denshaw-Burke, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

The most important aspects of the management of methemoglobinemia are recognition of the condition and prompt initiation of treatment, when indicated. For mild asymptomatic cases, treatment is purely for cosmetic or psychological reasons. When methemoglobinemia is severe or symptomatic, specific therapy may be indicated. Initial care includes supplemental oxygen and removal of the offending oxidizing substance. Various agents can reduce the methemoglobin levels to within the reference range or at least to acceptable levels. (See Treatment.)


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