What is the role of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in the diagnosis of testicular torsion?

Updated: Aug 31, 2018
  • Author: Oreoluwa I Ogunyemi, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is an emerging tool to assess testicular torsion. It can measure oxygen saturation 3-4 cm deep in the skin, is rapid (lasting 20 seconds), and is noninvasive. Aydogdu et al performed a small prospective study evaluating 16 adult patients with testicular torsion and found NIRS to be 100% sensitive and specific for torsion when compared with the contralateral testis. More studies are needed confirmation before this modality becomes available for clinical use. [40]


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