What are the associated heart defects in adults with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)?

Updated: Nov 13, 2018
  • Author: Shabir Bhimji, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Yasmine S Ali, MD, FACC, FACP, MSCI  more...
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Associated heart defects are very common in tetralogy of Fallot. Some patients may have an atrial septal defect, often referred to as part of the pentad of Fallot. Other common defects include a patent ductus arteriosus, muscular VSD, atrioventricular septal defects, anomalous coronary arteries, anomalous pulmonary venous return, absent pulmonary valve, aortic incompetence, and aortopulmonary window. [9, 10]

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