What causes mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)?

Updated: Mar 15, 2019
  • Author: Muhammad Rashid Abbasi, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

No causative factor has been identified for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) or for most patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of other types. NHL has been associated with viral infection (Ebstein-Barr virus, HIV, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1, human herpesvirus 6), environmental factors (pesticides, hair dyes), and primary and secondary immunodeficiency.

Nonrandom chromosomal and molecular rearrangements play a major role in the pathogenesis of many lymphomas. The association of t(11;14)(q13;q32) with MCL suggests a causative role.


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