Which medications in the drug class Antidotes, Other are used in the treatment of Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Shipra Gandhi, MBBS; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Antidotes, Other

These agents counteract the toxic effects of drugs.

Mesna (Mesnex)

In the kidney, mesna disulfide is reduced to free mesna. Free mesna has thiol groups that react with acrolein, the ifosfamide and cyclophosphamide metabolite considered responsible for urotoxicity. It inactivates acrolein and prevents urothelial toxicity without affecting cytostatic activity. The adult dosage is 240 mg IV at 0, 4, 8 hours after the ifosfamide or cyclophosphamide dose.

Mesna may increase warfarin effects. Mesna does not prevent hemorrhagic cystitis in all patients (monitoring for hematuria in the morning prior to ifosfamide or cyclophosphamide dose is required). It does not prevent or alleviate other toxicities associated with ifosfamide or cyclophosphamide. Common adverse effects include hypotension, headache, GI toxicity, and limb pain. Mesna is a pregnancy category B drug.


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