What is the role of antiemetics in the treatment of diffuse large cell lymphoma?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Shipra Gandhi, MBBS; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Antiemetics are always prescribed before and after the administration of chemotherapy, for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Antiemetics used include the following:

  • The 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 (5-HT3) antagonists such as granisetron (1 mg orally [PO] q12h) or ondansetron (8 mg PO q8h) for severe chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting

  • Lorazepam (1 mg PO/SL q4-6h)

  • Metoclopramide (0.5-2 mg/kg PO q3-4h)

  • Prochlorperazine (10 mg PO q4-6h)

Another antiemetic, palonosetron (Aloxi), is a selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist with a long half-life (40 h). The adult dose is intravenous 0.25 mg once (30 min before chemotherapy). Administer this agent intravenously over 30 seconds, and do not repeat the dose within 7 days. Palonosetron may cause headache, constipation, diarrhea, or dizziness.


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