What is tumor lysis syndrome in diffuse large cell lymphoma and how is it prevented?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Shipra Gandhi, MBBS; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Tumor lysis syndrome

Tumor lysis syndrome is a potential complication following treatment of diffuse large cell lymphoma. This condition manifests as a rapid rise in potassium, phosphorus, and uric acid and a drop in calcium. TLS can lead to a sudden death from electrolyte abnormalities. Treatment that includes aggressive intravenous hydration, urine alkalinization, and administration of allopurinol usually prevents tumor lysis syndrome.

Occasionally, patients with significant tumor volume and rapidly growing disease can avoid tumor lysis syndrome by receiving dose-modified or attenuated chemotherapy as the first treatment, followed by conventional chemotherapy in subsequent treatment cycles.


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