Which conditions are associated with diffuse large cell lymphoma?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Shipra Gandhi, MBBS; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) have been associated with the following conditions, drugs, and chemical agents:

  • Hereditary immunodeficiency disorders such as ataxia-telangiectasia syndrome, Bruton-type agammaglobulinemia, severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, Duncan syndrome, and Chediak-Higashi syndrome

  • Infections such as with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis C virus (HCV), human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV), and human herpes viruses (HHVs) [10]

  • Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome, and systemic lupu s erythematosus

  • Use of drugs such as immunosuppressants and chemotherapeutic agents [10]

  • Exposure to environmental toxins such as herbicides, vinyl chloride, and organic solvents [10, 11]

  • Occupational factors - These present a weak or an inconsistent risk


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