What is ovarian torsion?

Updated: Jun 27, 2017
  • Author: Erik D Schraga, MD; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD  more...
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Answer

Ovarian torsion (adnexal torsion) is an infrequent but significant cause of acute lower abdominal pain in women. This condition is usually associated with reduced venous return from the ovary as a result of stromal edema, internal hemorrhage, hyperstimulation, or a mass. The ovary and fallopian tube are typically involved. The clinical presentation is often nonspecific with few distinctive physical findings, commonly resulting in delay in diagnosis and surgical management. A quick and confident diagnosis is required to save the adnexal structures from infarction. [1, 2, 3, 4]


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