What is primary mediastinal (thymic) large B-cell lymphoma?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Mohammad Muhsin Chisti, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma is a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that arises in the mediastinum from a putative thymic B-cell origin and has distinctive clinical, phenotypic, and genotypic features. Histologically, it is commonly associated with compartmentalizing alveolar fibrosis (see the image below). The cells are medium-sized to large and have abundant clear/pale cytoplasm and round to oval nuclei. A few cases have multilobated and pleomorphic nuclei resembling the Reed-Sternberg cells of Hodgkin lymphoma.

Compartmentalizing fibrosis and infiltrate of medi Compartmentalizing fibrosis and infiltrate of medium-sized to large lymphoid cells.

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