Which viruses are linked to the pathogenesis of NHL/B-cell lymphoma?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Mohammad Muhsin Chisti, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Several viruses have been implicated in the pathogenesis of NHL. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is linked to Burkitt lymphoma (especially in endemic areas of Africa), sinonasal lymphoma in Asia and South America, and lymphomas in immunocompromised patients. Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) is linked to adult T-cell lymphoma/leukemia. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is implicated in body cavity–based lymphomas in patients with HIV infection.

Results of an Italian study support a role for chronic hepatitis C virus infection in NHL, and suggest involvement of hepatitis B virus infection. Associations were clearest for B-cell NHL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. [4]

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