Which physical findings suggest iron deficiency anemia?

Updated: Sep 07, 2019
  • Author: James L Harper, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Findings on physical examination may include the following:

  • Impaired growth in infants

  • Pallor of the mucous membranes (a nonspecific finding)

  • Spoon-shaped nails (koilonychia)

  • A glossy tongue, with atrophy of the lingual papillae

  • Fissures at the corners of the mouth (angular stomatitis)

  • Splenomegaly (in severe, persistent, untreated cases)

  • Pseudotumor cerebri (a rare finding in severe cases)

See Presentation for more detail.

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