What is the second-line treatment for acute immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children?

Updated: Jan 11, 2020
  • Author: Craig M Kessler, MD, MACP; Chief Editor: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP  more...
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Second-line (maintenance) treatment is IV Rh immune globulin (IG), 75/µg/kg (off-label dose) for the Rh-positive patient or IVIG 1.0 g/kg for the Rh-negative patient. If the patient has clinically significant purpura or bleeding at presentation, consider infusing the first dose of IV RhIG or IVIG at the time of initial therapy with corticosteroids.

Repeat the infusions at 3- to 4-week intervals (maintenance) until a satisfactory platelet count is achieved. If the platelet count is not maintained after 3-4 infusions, the case might be refractory, and a different treatment should be considered. Conditions refractory to IV RhIG may respond to IVIG, and vice versa. If the patient's hemoglobulin level decreases to 8.0 g/dL during treatment with IV RhIG, temporarily switch to IVIG until the level recovers. In this situation, the patient's condition should not be considered refractory to IV RhIG.

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