What is the role of genetics in the etiology of Hodgkin lymphoma (Hodgkin disease)?

Updated: Sep 12, 2018
  • Author: Bradley W Lash, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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HIV-positive patients also have a higher incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma compared with HIV-negative patients. However, Hodgkin lymphoma is not considered an AIDS-defining neoplasm.

Genetic predisposition plays a role in the pathogenesis of Hodgkin lymphoma. Approximately 1% of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma have a family history of the disease, and siblings of an affected individual have a 3- to 7-fold increased risk of developing the disease. [16] Most evidence for a genetic etiology has been established in the distinct subtype of nonsclerosing Hodgkin lymphoma (NSHL). NSHL has been shown to be one of the most heritable types of neoplasm, with a 100-fold increased risk in identical twins. [17, 18]

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