How is erythroleukemia treated?

Updated: Dec 16, 2018
  • Author: Beata Holkova, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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The approach to the treatment of acute erythroleukemia is similar to the approach used for other subtypes of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) (see Acute Myelogenous Leukemia).

Admit the patient for induction chemotherapy. Admit the patient for febrile neutropenia or any grade III or IV chemotherapy-related toxicity. Patients with poor cardiac function may be at increased risk of cardiotoxicity with anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens.

Placement of an indwelling central venous catheter and/or port for chemotherapy infusion is usually recommended. This access can also be used to draw blood samples for periodic analysis.

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