What are the possible complications of erythroleukemia?

Updated: Dec 16, 2018
  • Author: Beata Holkova, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Complications may include opportunistic infections and neutropenic fever, tumor lysis syndrome (ie, hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia), and bleeding.

Infections, even if properly treated, may be fatal. Recognizing patients who are at risk for tumor lysis syndrome (high tumor burden, elevated uric acid) is important. Intravenous hydration and allopurinol should be started before chemotherapy, and serum electrolytes and renal function should be monitored. Patients who have received multiple platelet transfusions may become refractory. To reduce alloimmunization, single-donor platelets or human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched platelets with leukocyte reduction filters should be used.


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