How is rapid HIV screening performed?

Updated: Jun 23, 2020
  • Author: Philip A Chan, MD, MS; Chief Editor: John Bartlett, MD  more...
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Rapid HIV screening

Several point-of-care rapid HIV tests are available. Rapid HIV testing can currently be performed on whole blood, serum, urine, or saliva, depending on the test kit used. [13, 14] Several tests have been CLIA (Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments)–waived by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States, meaning that no detailed training or laboratory validation is required to use these tests for clinical purposes. The Orasure Oraquick HIV-1/2 Home HIV Test Kit is a rapid HIV test available and approved in the United States at pharmacies and other retailers that individuals can purchase for self-testing. It provides results within 20 minutes.

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