What is the role of medications in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)?

Updated: May 23, 2021
  • Author: Emmanuel C Besa, MD; Chief Editor: Sara J Grethlein, MD, FACP  more...
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Answer

The medications used for patients with chronic-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) aim at delaying the onset of the accelerated or blastic phase. This has traditionally included a myelosuppressive agent to achieve hematologic remission, but more effective drugs—successively, interferon alfa then and targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as imatinib mesylate, have gained greater importance. Chemotherapy may be used, particularly in preparation for bone marrow or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


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