What is the role of analgesics in the treatment of factor IX deficiency (FIX) (hemophilia B)?

Updated: Mar 09, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Srikanth Nagalla, MD, MS, FACP  more...
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Answer

Nonnarcotic and narcotic analgesics are used to relieve pain. Narcotic analgesics are used to manage severe acute pain, such as occurs with joint bleeding or perioperatively. Chronic persistent pain of chronic joint disease can be difficult to manage.

Ideally, the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should be avoided in patients with a bleeding disorder because the addition of platelet dysfunction caused by the drugs can potentiate bleeding. However, because of the persistent demand by individuals with hemophilia, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors may be tried with caution because of a lack of efficacy of nonnarcotic pain relievers in severe arthritis. Use of NSAIDs by individuals with hemophilia has increased in an attempt to relieve the severe joint pain of chronic arthritis.


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