Which physical findings suggest aplastic anemia?

Updated: Jan 29, 2021
  • Author: Sameer Bakhshi, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Physical examination may show signs of anemia (eg, pallor, tachycardia) and of thrombocytopenia (eg, petechiae, purpura, ecchymoses). Overt signs of infection are usually not apparent at diagnosis. A subset of patients with aplastic anemia present with jaundice and evidence of hepatitis. [1, 2] Findings of adenopathy or organomegaly should suggest an alternative diagnosis (eg, hepatosplenomegaly and supraclavicular adenopathy are observed more frequently in cases of leukemia and lymphoma than in cases of aplastic anemia).


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