What is the role of protein expression in the etiology of aplastic anemia?

Updated: Jan 29, 2021
  • Author: Sameer Bakhshi, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Constitutive expression of Tbet, a transcriptional regulator that is critical to type 1 T helper cell (Th1) polarization, occurs in a majority of aplastic anemia patients. [18] Perforin is a cytolytic protein expressed mainly in activated cytotoxic lymphocytes and natural-killer cells. Mutations in the perforin gene are responsible for some cases of familial hemophagocytosis [25] ; mutations in SAP, a gene encoding for a small modulator protein that inhibits undefined-interferon production, underlie X-linked lymphoproliferation, a fatal illness associated with an aberrant immune response to herpesviruses and aplastic anemia. Perforin and SAP protein levels are markedly diminished in some cases of acquired aplastic anemia.


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