What is the role of lab testing in the workup of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)?

Updated: Jan 08, 2019
  • Author: Saum A Rahimi, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
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Answer

A complete blood count with differential is used to assess transfusion requirements and the possibility of infection. A metabolic panel (including kidney and liver function tests) is indicated for ascertaining the integrity of renal and hepatic function and thus help assess operative risk and guide postoperative management. Blood must be typed and crossmatched to prepare for the possibility of transfusion, including clotting factors and platelets.

Because synthetic material is used in the intervention, any potential foci of infection should be assessed and eliminated preoperatively with the aid of urinalysis.

The preoperative workup should also include assessment of pulmonary function to help evaluate operative risk and determine postoperative care. Patients who can climb a flight of stairs without excessive shortness of breath generally do well. If the patient’s pulmonary status is in question, blood gas measurement and pulmonary function tests are helpful.


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