Which medications in the drug class Antineoplastics, Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor are used in the treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)?

Updated: May 26, 2020
  • Author: Karen Seiter, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Antineoplastics, Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors that target FLT3 mutations have been approved by the FDA to treat AML.

Midostaurin (Rydapt)

Midostaurin and its major active metabolites inhibit FLT3 receptor signaling and cell proliferation, and it induced apoptosis in leukemic cells expressing ITD and TKD mutant FLT3 receptors or overexpressing wild type FLT3 and PDGF receptors. It is indicated in combination with standard cytarabine and daunorubicin induction and cytarabine consolidation chemotherapy, for adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are FLT3 mutation-positive, as detected by an FDA-approved test.

Gilteritinib (Xospata)

Gilteritinib inhibits multiple receptor tyrosine kinases, including FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3). It inhibits FLT3 receptor signaling and proliferation in cells exogenously expressing FLT3. It is indicated for adults with AML with a FLT3 mutation who have relapsed or are refractory.


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