What are the most common medication regimens for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)?

Updated: May 26, 2020
  • Author: Karen Seiter, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Various acceptable induction regimens are available. The most common approach, "3 and 7," consists of 3 days of a 15- to 30-minute infusion of an anthracycline (idarubicin or daunorubicin) or anthracenedione (mitoxantrone), combined with 100-200 mg/m2 of cytarabine (arabinosylcytosine; ara-C) as a 24-hour infusion daily for 7 days. Traditional dosages have been as follows:

  • Idarubicin: 12 mg/m 2/d for 3 days
  • Daunorubicin: 45-90 mg/m 2/d for 3 days
  • Mitoxantrone: 12 mg/m 2/d for 3 days

These regimens require adequate cardiac, hepatic, and renal function. On these regimens, approximately 50% of patients achieve remission with one course. Another 10-15% of patients enter remission after a second course of therapy.

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