Why is evaluation of myocardial function needed following a confirmed diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)?

Updated: May 26, 2020
  • Author: Karen Seiter, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Evaluation of myocardial function is needed once the diagnosis of AML is confirmed because many of the chemotherapeutic agents used in treatment are cardiotoxic. Echocardiography or multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scanning is particularly important for patients who have a history or symptoms of heart disease or risk factors for iatrogenic cardiotoxicity (ie, exposure to cardiotoxic drugs or thoracic radiotherapy). [25] All patients should have a baseline electrocardiogram before starting treatment for AML.


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