What is the role of immunophenotyping in the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)?

Updated: May 26, 2020
  • Author: Karen Seiter, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Immunophenotyping by flow cytometry of bone marrow or peripheral blood samples can be used to help distinguish AML from acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and further classify the subtype of AML. Cytogenetic studies performed on bone marrow provide important prognostic information and can guide treatment by confirming a diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).


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